That well-known paraprosdokian about the tomato and the salad…

A friend of mine recently sent me a list of well-known paraprosdokians…which meant I had to look up what it is they are!  The definition of a paraprosdokian is:

Figure of speech in which the latter part of a sentence or phrase is surprising or unexpected; frequently used in a humorous situation.

There was more than humour in one of the paraprosdokians on the list:

Knowledge is knowing a tomato is a fruit. Wisdom is not putting it in a fruit salad.

In my own spiritual journey of finding out about, and adopting, the teachings of Christian Science, I have appreciated discerning a discrepancy between knowledge and wisdom.  There is always a whole lot of knowledge going around – with the advent of the internet, there is more circulating than ever – but is it always wisdom to add all that knowledge to one’s mental storehouse?

For instance, with my iPhone and computer I have instant access to masses of medical knowledge. Doctors and other medical professionals have had to get used to patients coming along and second-guessing the diagnosis, prognosis, and prescriptions they are given, based on what they have learned online.  To many people that feels empowering.  To many medical professionals, on the other hand, it can seem to undermine their sense of having an authority gained by years of study and experience.

Medical professionals and their patients need to work out how to manage this shift in the balance of power. However, there is another concern about such knowledge “empowerment” which wisdom warns against.  In the light of the mind-body relationship, which is increasingly being recognised, wisdom asks, “Is the lure of easily available medical knowledge always adding to the storehouse of the mind the kind of treasures that play out in better health for the body?”

Or is it, rather, sometimes opening up our mental chambers to impressive pictures of disease which tend to promote fearful concerns that more readily reproduce on the body the very symptoms dreaded?

Scientists are beginning to delve into the effect of thought on the body through such things as increasing recognition of the placebo effect. However, I have long been grateful for thoughtful research done by Mary Baker Eddy over 100 years ago on how thought directly has an impact on the body – especially fear induced by reporting on medical theory, no matter how well-meaning.  The thought-provoking conclusions she reached are articulated in Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures, for instance on pages 196 (line 20) to 197 (line 28).

Through her own evolving practice of healing Eddy showed how spiritual thought – understanding the nature of God as all-good, and increasingly living out from that understanding – is the best kind of thinking to promote and sustain health and well-being.

In my own life I have come to realise that thought-watching is a good idea, and that checking knowledge against wisdom is both possible and useful.  So, what constitutes wisdom?  To me, it comes down to the “scientific” idea of not trusting theological knowledge unless you can “demonstrate” its practical validity in healing, and the “theological idea” of not looking to material measurements alone to prove or deny the existence and influence of divine Spirit, God.

In seeking wisdom, having a good model to measure against helps…and that is what I have so come to appreciate in the loving life of Jesus and in the explanation of his life as “the most scientific man that ever trod the globe” in the writings of Mary Baker Eddy.

While not generally humorous, everything Jesus did and everything Mary Baker Eddy has written could be said to be “surprising and unexpected” to our day to day material sense of things, because spiritual and powerful beyond all the expectations of mundane material experience!

That is the beauty of the wisdom of spiritual reasoning and spiritual living.  It is full of unexpected “blessings” that point to the existence and action of a surprisingly good God.


Talking about surprises, there is a recipe on the web for Tomato Fruit Salad, which does, at the very least, look rather colourful.  It only goes to show that one man’s paraprosdokian is another man’s adventurous feast…! 🙂


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Categories: Medical Matters, Spirituality and Society

Author:Tony Lobl

I write and speak on spirituality from my perspective as a Christian Science practitioner. I am also an Associate Editor for the Christian Science periodicals. I studied at the University of Surrey earning a BSc Hons Degree in Modern Mathematics before the impact of spirituality on health caught my attention and re-shaped my career.

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